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CSW: Advancing women’s rights since 1946

by Narges Mohammadi

The annual UN Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) meets in March each year to address the widespread inequalities, violence and discrimination women continue to face, all around the world. Here is a brief five-point guide to this high-profile UN event.

At current rates, it will take almost another three centuries to bring about equality for women and girls.  

Hobbled by persistent inequalities, about 383 million women and girls live in extreme poverty, and every 11 minutes, a woman or girl is killed by someone in her own family.

These are some of the reasons that the CSW continues to be relevant and has been a vitally important fixture on the United Nations calendar ever since it was first convened, shortly after the creation of the UN itself.

Pushing for action for eight decades

The work of the Commission began in 1946, days after the UN General Assembly’s inaugural meetings heard former US First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt and part of the country’s delegation, read an open letter addressed to “the women of the world”.

Ms Roosevelt had called “on the Governments of the world to encourage women everywhere to take a more active part in national and international affairs, and on women who are conscious of their opportunities to come forward and share in the work of peace and reconstruction as they did in war and resistance”.

The UN’s Economic and Social Affairs Commission (ECOSOC) promptly established a sub-commission. Its six members – China, Denmark, Dominican Republic, France, India, Lebanon, and Poland ­– were tasked with assessing “problems relating to the status of women” to advise the UN Commission on Human Rights, a precursor to the UN Human Rights Council.

In its first report, “members considered that the work of the sub-commission should last until women had reached the point where they were on equal footing with men in all fields of human enterprise”.

From the beginning there were calls for action, including prioritizing political rights, “since little progress could be made without them”, alongside recommendations for improvements in civil educational, social, and economic fields, by which “problems should be attacked simultaneously”, the report said. In addition, the report called for a “United Nations Women’s Conference to further the programme.”

By June 1946, it formally became the Commission on the Status of Women, as one of ECOSOC’s subsidiary bodies. From 1947 to 1962, the Commission focused on setting standards and formulating international conventions to change discriminatory legislation and foster global awareness of women’s issues.

Landmark international agreements struck

Dating back to the Commission’s early days, its growing membership contributed to some of the most widely agreed upon international conventions in UN history. Here are just a few.

Helping Ms Roosevelt, chair of the  Universal Declaration of Human Rights drafting committee, the Commission had successfully argued against references to “men” as a synonym for humanity. It also introduced a new, more inclusive language in the final version of the General Assembly adopted in 1948.

In 1963, efforts to consolidate standards on women’s rights led the General Assembly to request the Commission to draft a Declaration on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, which the world body adopted in 1967.

CSW was pivotal in the adoption of the 1995 Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, the key global policy document on gender equality.

More countries, more needs

With a growing UN membership and mounting evidence in the 1960s that poverty disproportionately affected women, CSW focused on women’s needs in the community and rural development, agricultural work, family planning, and scientific and technological advances. It also encouraged the UN system to expand technical assistance to further the advancement of women, especially in developing countries.

Advanced work in this regard, CSW also drafted the legally binding Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1979.

During this decade, the UN declared 1975 the International Year of Women and convened the first World Conference on Women, held in Mexico. 1977 the UN formally recognized International Women’s Day, on 8 March.

In 2010, after years of negotiations, the General Assembly adopted a resolution consolidating the Organization’s related sections and departments into the UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), which continues to collaborate closely with the Commission.

Addressing emerging issues

Annual sessions address and assess emerging issues along with progress and gaps in implementing the Beijing Platform for Action. Member States then agree on further steps to speed up progress. Since 2018, CSW has addressed such challenges as climate change, gender-based violence, and ensuring women’s full participation in decision-making and sustainable development strategies.

Adopting multi-year programmes of work to appraise progress and make further recommendations to accelerate the implementation of the Platform for Action, CSW sends its negotiated agreed conclusions to ECOSOC for action.

Intending to reach all women and leave no one behind, the Commission also contributes to the follow-up to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development to accelerate the realization of gender equality and the empowerment of women.

Tackling 21st-century challenges

It’s become increasingly apparent that the ongoing discrimination, abuse, and misogyny women face in the physical world is mirrored in the virtual world.

These twenty-first-century issues are being addressed at the 2023 CSW session, which is aimed at levelling the digital playing field to address, among other things, limited access to technology, disproportionate online violence, and underrepresentation and gender bias in tech industries.

The Commission’s 45 members will discuss innovation and technological change, and education in the digital age for achieving gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls, at its first in-person meeting since the COVID-19 pandemic began in 2020.

More than 7,000 stakeholders attended the previous in-person session, CSW63, including nearly 2,000 Member State delegates, 86 ministers, and 5,000 representatives from civil society organizations around the world.

Source: UN News Agency

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